How to write a pattern that excludes a string from the filename in a vim autocmd

Tag: vim , autocmd Author: overfdj Date: 2012-07-04

I'd like to define different mappings for files which have the same suffix.

E.g. define a general mapping for all ruby files and a different mapping only for rspec files:

au BufNewFile,BufRead *_spec.rb map <Leader>t :w!<cr>:!rspec %<cr>
au BufNewFile,BufRead *.rb map <Leader>t :w!<cr>:!rspec %:r_spec.rb<cr>

The above solution does not work on my machine, because the second au "overwrites" the first one.

Is it possible to write this kind of au?

Update: just placing the most specific (spec) one below the generic one (rb) works if I have only one buffer opened. As soon as I open a spec file, the *.rb mapping is lost for the regular ruby files.

Best Answer

Reversing the autocommands and adding <buffer> should get you the desired behavior in this case, i.e.:

au BufNewFile,BufRead *.rb      map <buffer> ,t action2
au BufNewFile,BufRead *_spec.rb map <buffer> ,t action1

This ordering will achieve the proper per-filename mappings.

But you should note that when opening *_spec.rb files, both map commands will run: action1 and action2. This can be un-desireable for certain commands.

Also, if you've set <Leader> to comma: ,, then your mappings should look like this:

au BufNewFile,BufRead *.rb      map <buffer> <Leader>t action2
au BufNewFile,BufRead *_spec.rb map <buffer> <Leader>t action1


First, thank you for the tip about the <Leader> key. Second, it works only if I have one buffer opened. If I have the spec file and the ruby file, each one in one buffer in a split window, for some reason the spec mapping is overriding the ruby mapping. Any suggestions?
It probably depends on what action1 and action2 are. Try using a "local" option. (e.g. map <buffer> <Leader>t action2). See :help map-local
I've updated the question using the real mappings I'm trying to define. They basically run the spec file if I have the spec or the subject open.
Try map <buffer> <Leader>t etc.
just great, <buffer> saved the day. thank you! :)

Other Answer1

Do the more specific one last. In other words, reverse the order of those two commands.

au BufNewFile,BufRead *.rb map <buffer> ,t action2
au BufNewFile,BufRead *_spec.rb map <buffer> ,t action1

One command is still overriding the other, but this way it achieves the effect you want. Note that you might want to use a more specific map like nmap, or better yet nnoremap, so that you don't run into issues with this map in other modes.


be sure to add the <buffer> to the map commands in your solution.